San Francisco

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San Francisco d tamdint deg ugafa n California, deg Yiwunak Yeddukklen.

Deg San Francisco ay d-yettekkayen zzheṛ d Golden Gate Bridge, Golden Gate Park, Fisherman's Wharf d Alcatraz. Tamdint-nni daɣen d tamnaḍt kan i unagraw-nnes n tkeṛṛust.

Tettwali-d yiwet seg temdint ɣlayen akk deg tmurt-nni aydeg ara yedder.

Aḥkayt[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Imezdaɣen[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Deg 1776 ay d-yuwyen yiɛewdiwen, iɣersiwen ed tkemmaḍin akken ad ssersen Misión San Francisco de Asís ( s tṣbnyulit ). Ɣas akken, imeddukal-nni yeqqim yagi d imeddukal n Yihendiyen s yigiman n yiseggasen.

Imezdaɣen-nni llan d iḥercanen ɣer tmurt n Ohlone. Ssaramen-asen ad asen-bnun tamsalt deg mraw n yiseggasen, akken ad beddlen imensi n wucci n wucci yal ass. Smallpox yessenqes imezdaɣen n Ohlona ɣer azal n tmerwin seg wayen ay yella zik.

Deg teswiɛt-a, tamurt-a n California tella n Meksiko. Deg wemgaru n Meksiki d Marikan n 1846, Meksika yeǧǧa California ɣer Yiwunak Yeddukklen.

Yezzel wureɣ[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Sakkin, deg 1848, kullec ibeddel. Sam Brannan, d anesbedder n yiwen n uɛebbud amkan, yessufeɣ-d inehhun-d belli llan 200 yikilumiten n wureɣ deg daxel. Akken kan ay d-tekka tmeɣra n yineggasen, yewwi-d ɣer teṛmist n California deg Tdukli n 1850.

Imugaren acinwaten[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Seg yiminɣunen llan d imdanen tacinwat. Qqimen deg yiwet n tesnaɣt n San Francisco, d Chinatown ass-a.

Ɣas akken, tuzzel-nni n wureɣ ur tettɛeḍḍil ara ad d-yaweḍ ɣer temdint n Ustṛalya asmi ay d-yufa wureɣ n wureɣ, yewwi-d umennuɣ agdud mgal yimezdaɣen n Ustṛalyani ed yinciniyen n San Francisco. Deg 1870, tamdint n San Francisco tḥebsed s usaḍuf n wexxam ed uxeddim i kra n yiwen ay d-ilulen deg Ccinwa, yerna wiyaḍ n Yiwunak Yeddukklen ḍfer-d deg 1882 s Usufu n usseglaf n Tcinwa.

1906 n tzenzelt[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Deg 1906, San Francisco yexṣer-it yiwet n tzenzelt n tzenzelt yerna yessenger aṭas n uzadaɣ-nni.

Imezdaɣen imezwura[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

  • Ansel Adams, imsewlafen
  • Clint Eastwood, asegbar
  • Robert Frost, amedyaz ay yuran "The Road Not Taken"
  • Allen Ginsberg, Beat amedyaz ay yuran "Howl"
  • Dorothea Lange, imsewlafen ay d-yewweḍ Usegnaw Ameqran
  • Bruce Lee, asegbar
  • Kenneth Rexroth, Beat amedyaz ay yessnen ɣef haiku-nnes
  • Diego Rivera, asbeɣ n yisemɣaren
  • Michael Tilson Thomas, aneddakel n San Francisco Symphony Orchestra

Imɣuren[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

  • San Francisco by Lonely Planet