Tifinaɣ

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Mad igan afssay? iqqan d ad igiddi, ttyukksnt zgis tguriwin turḍilin, d ad ttyusbadlnt s tguriwin timaziɣin
tinzulin]]
lmɣrib]].

Tifinaɣ niɣ libik ittusmras kigan ɣ dar imssiwln n tutlayin tilibiyin ɣ ifriqya n uẓẓlmḍ d tigzirin n kanarya. kra n imaratn ar ttinin is tlla zg ammas n tifḍt tis snat dat n tlalit n lmasiḥ ar ɣilad.

agmmay-a ibddl-d aṭaṣ n tikwal si zik ar ass-a; si wayn umi nqqar tira 'talibit' ar tifinaɣ amaynut.

qqarn d akkn aẓar n wawal tifinaɣ ikka-d si tifi (tifin), d nnɣ. maca wiyaḍ qqarn, illa dg-s cck, tamaziɣt n 2500 isggasn aya, matcci am tclḥit nɣ taqbaylit n tura.

tifinaɣ (s tfinaɣ, tifinaɣ nɣ tfnⵗ) tga tirra nna ssmrasn imaziɣn ɣ ṭfriqt n ugafa ɣ tirra n tutlayt-nnsn, tamaziɣt. maca ibdda ussmrs-nns ɣ tutlayin timaziɣin n ugafa, maca tkcad tmnaḍt tutlayant tatrgit (ṭanzruft tadzayrit, n mali, talibit d tnijirit) ar tizwiri n tasut tiss xx dat n wad ssidfn i tikklt-yaḍn imɣnasn imẓrmaziɣrn n tkadimit tamaziɣt.

dɣi, addag nttini tifinaɣ, da nsawal f tirra ittusmrsn i tirra n tmaziɣt. maca nzmr ad nẓli kṛaḍt tfrkiwin n ubuɣlu n tfinaɣ. tamzwarut d tifinaɣ n zikk, niɣ alibi, tiss snat d tifinaɣ n imuhaɣ, ɣ unggaru, tifinaɣ tatrart.

dar uɣrf [[||Wp/zɣ/imaziɣn|amaziɣ]] tirra sis yẓlin zɣ zikk.[1] bdrn imaratn ilatiniyn ɣ tasut tiss 5 d tiss 6 [[||Wp/zgh/dffir talalit|dffir n tlalit n ɛisa]].[1] maca, ur jju bdirn imaratn aɛṛabn imuẓunn kra n tirra dar imaziɣn. ihi, nzmr ad nini blli asmrs n tirra s tfinaɣ ybedd dffir umnala n waɛṛabn ag imaziɣn ɣ tasut tiss 8. anɣubu n tirra s tfinaɣ ad yili jar usggas 600 d 700 dffir n l.ɛ.[1][2]

Tannayt tin uflla[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

gant tfinaɣ zɣ tirra tizaykutin n umaḍal. ṭirra yad, gant tirra timzwura innflulan ɣ tfriqt n iẓẓlmḍ ɣ usggas n 1500 dat lmasiḥ. ggutnt tmitar n tfinaɣ lli ittwaɣzn niɣ iɣman f iẓṛan d ifran d ismḍal ɣ tmazḍa , ɣ tmurt n lmɣrib, nttaf tifinaɣ ɣ tmnaḍin am: tinzulin, yagur, tisrfin, lumat n usli. ɣ tgzirin tiknariyin, ittwafa uḍṛiṣ akw iɣzzifn ittwarin s tfinaɣ ɣ yjj n yifri d-amqqran ɣ cutanbir 2006. assa, ɣ tmura n mali d nnijir d iffus n dzayr, suln imaziɣn sslmadn tarwa nnsn tirra n tfinaɣ ḥma ad msawaḍn jaratsn. ɣ lmɣrib, sulnt da ssmrasnt tmɣarin tifinaɣ ɣ usfulki d uẓṭṭa d idqqi. Zɣ usggas n 2003, tkcm tutlayt tamaziɣt, s tirra nns tifinaɣ , s tinmal n lmɣrib. tifinaɣ d tira i zi tarin imaziɣn n ssahra i tsamman ixf nsn tamaciɣt niɣ tamahiɣ niɣ imuhaq x hḍasab agrw i ɣ tirin. iwdḍan i wa ijjin zi asn tsmmanthn tawariq niɣ twarg.

Amzruy[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

tirra n tfinaɣ qdmnin ɣ usit n inɣutn n iẓran n intdnni nna iqrrbn i tmdint n ssuq ɣ mali

tifinaɣ d trr n tutlayt tmaziɣt, tetwari s alfis an clwagi nɣ s clwagi an alfis, ɣ s nnj an adday nɣ s adday an nnj,ttarin sis imaziɣn, tlla ɣ libya ɣ adrar n infusn,di wrflla ,di ɣirian,tlla ɣ ṭunis,ded tlla ɣ tmurt n imucaɣ,tlla ɣ tkanarit,trra n tifinaɣ tiru ur ttarin ara sis ɣas imucaɣ,maca asinag agldan n ṭussna ṭmaziɣt ircam, ymanu trr tamaynut zɣ iskkiln n ṭifinaɣ, ism-nns nu-ṭifinaɣ, nɣ tifinaɣ tatrart {tamaynut}, zgmmi n asggas n 2003 ɣ ṭagldant n lmaɣrb ɣ taɣrbazin-nnsn ttarin s ṭifinaɣ ktyaw iskkiln-nns:

Azmz adɣyan[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

dzayr]]).

tifinaɣ (s tfinaɣ, tifinaɣ nɣ tfnⵗ) tga tirra nna ssmrasn imaziɣn ɣ tfriqt n ugafa ɣ tirra n tutlayt-nnsn, tamaziɣt. maca ibdda ussmrs-nns ɣ tutlayin timaziɣin n ugafa, maca tkcad tmnaḍt tutlayant tatrgit (tanzruft tadzayrit, n mali, talibit d tnijirit) ar tizwiri n tasut tiss xx dat n wad ssidfn i tikklt-yaḍn imɣnasn imẓrmaziɣrn n tkadimit tamaziɣt.

ass-a, ismemmi umrruk tfinaɣ ig-tt d askkil n tmaziɣt, igan tutlayt tamaddudt n tmurt zɣ 2011 (tettusmatu tfinaɣ aha da tettuman ɣ mani illan : timrsal, tiswak, tirmisin, atiliḍisyun, ifarisn n usadur, isafarn, atg.).

iga awd askkil ittusmrasn dar imaziɣn n ugafa utrim alibi ɣ tirra n tutlayt-nnsn.

mrrakc]].

dzayr, nna issudedn tamaziɣt ɣ 2016, tsul tḥiṛ gr tfinaɣ d uskkil alatini d uskkil aɛṛab.

issn uskkil-a, ittusmman awd askkil alibi, kigan n tnfliwin zɣ untti-nns ar ass-a. ḍɣi, tlla yat tunɣilt tamaynut, ism-nns tifinaɣ tamaynut tkka-d nik tisnfal tizaykutin.

Azmz azayku[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Afiniq Rhvaf Tifinaɣ n ccaq
Aleph ʾ
Beth b Yab
Gimel g Yag
Daleth d Yad
He h Yah
Waw w Yaw
Zayin z Yaz
Heth Yaḥ
Teth Yaṭ
Yodh y Yay
Kaph k Yak
Lamedh l Yal
Mem m Yam
Nun n Yan
Samekh s Yas
Ayin ε
Pe p,f Yaf
Sade Yaṣ
Qoph q Yaq
Res r Yar
Sin š Yac
Taw t Yat
Yat
j Yaj

Asmagnu agrɣlan (unicud)[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Sg uḥric wis 4.10 n ṭagnut umi nqqar unicud, iskkiln ṭifinaɣ ungaln zɣ wangal uskil u 2ḍ30 ar u 2ḍ7f. llan ar tura azal n 55 iskkiln i yungaln dg anagraw unicud.

ⵜⴰⴳⵏⵙⴻⵙⵜ ⵓⵏⵉⵛⵓⴷ ⵏ ⵉⵙⴽⵉⵍⵏ ⵏ ⵜⵉⴼⵉⵏⴰⵖ (ⵙⴳ ⵓⵣⵍⵎⴹ ⴰⵔ ⵢⴼⵓⵙ)
ⴰⵏⴳⴰⵍ +0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +A +B +C +D +E +F
U+2D30 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px
U+2D40 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px
U+2D50 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px
U+2D60 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px 20px                   20px
U+2D70                                

Iskkiln[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Code Glyphe Codage Translittération Nom
Unicode

(recommandé)

« ANSI »

(déprécié)

latine API arabe
U+2D30 Tifinagh Letter Ya.svg Talɣa:Lang A a a ا ya
U+2D31 2D31 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang B b b ب yab
U+2D32 2D32 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang bh Talɣa:Souligner yabh
U+2D33 2D33 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang G g ɡ گ yag
U+2D34 2D34 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang ghh Talɣa:Souligner yaghh
U+2D35 2D35 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang Ǧ dj d͡ʒ ج yadj (Académie berbère)
U+2D36 2D36 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang yadj
U+2D37 2D37 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang D d d د yad
U+2D38 2D38 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang dh ذ yadh
U+2D39 2D39 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang dd ض yadd
U+2D3A 2D3A (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang ddh ḏ̣ ظ yaddh
U+2D3B 2D3B (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang E è, ey ə yè, yey
U+2D3C 2D3C (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang F f f ف yaf
U+2D3D 2D3D (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang K k k ك yak
U+2D3E 2D3E (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang yak touareg
U+2D3F 2D3F (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang khh Talɣa:Souligner yakhh
U+2D40 2D40 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang H h

b

h

b

ه

ب

yah

= yab touareg

U+2D41 2D41 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang H h h ه yah (Académie berbère)
U+2D42 2D42 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang yah touareg
U+2D43 2D43 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang hh ح yahh
U+2D44 2D44 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang Σ ʿ ʕ ع yaʿ
U+2D45 2D45 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang X kh x خ yakh
U+2D46 2D46 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang yakh touareg
U+2D47 2D47 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang Q q q ق yaq
U+2D48 2D48 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang yaq touareg
U+2D49 2D49 (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang I i i ئ yi
U+2D4A 2D4A (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang J j ʒ ج yaj
U+2D4B 2D4B (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang yaj de l'Ahaggar
U+2D4C 2D4C (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang yaj touareg
U+2D4D 2D4D (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang L l l ل yal
U+2D4E 2D4E (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang M m m م yam
U+2D4F 2D4F (SVG).svg Talɣa:Lang N n n ن yan

Ẓr ula[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Isaɣuln[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

  1. 1,0 1,1 et 1,2 salim cakir, tutlayt d tskla timaziɣin, mayyu 2004.
  2. The Libyc Writing, S. Ait Ali Yahia, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of humanities and Social Sciences Vol:8, No:6, 2014