Yuba Wis Sin

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Iɣ ur igi wad amgrad lli tsiggilt, kcm s tasna n Yuba bac ad tẓrt akkʷ imgradn nna dar illa yism zun d wad !

Yuba II
ⵢⵓⴱⴰ ⵡⵉⵙⵙⵉⵏ - Ἰóβας
Asfris n Yuba 2
Tudrt nns
Talallit 42 D.T, Ɛnnaba
Tamazirt Tagldit n Muṛiṭanya
Tamttant 23 Ḍ.T
Tawuri Agllid
Idlisn Asamu n Libika
Tawja nns
Tamɣart Kliyupatra Silini 2
Arraw Bṭulimyus
Yan udrim n ugllid n Tgldit n Mawritanya. Ittyara gis REX IVBA (Agllid Yuba).
Yuba II

Ikka tt inn Yuba Wis SinYuba 2 (s tlatint: IUBA; s tgrikt taqburt: Ἰóβας, Ἰóβα nɣ Ἰούβας[1]; Iddr gr 48 dat tlalit n Ɛisa - 23 ḍaṛt talalit n Ɛisa) iga agllid n tglditin timaziɣin tiqburin Mawritanya d Numidya ḍaṛt n babas u numidya Yuba amzwaru. Ɣ tsga n unbaḍ nns bahra imursn, ikka tt inn iga yan umassan d umara bahra ittuzrakn ɣ uzmz nns. Tamɣrat nns tamzwarut tga tt Klyupatra Silini Tiss Snat, illis n tgllidt tamiẓṛit Klyupatra Tiss Sat n Miẓra Tapṭulmt.

Tudrt[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Timẓi d tɣri nns[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Iga Yuba wis sin agldun amaziɣNumidya. Ig waḥdu t arraw n ugllid Yuba Amzwaru; tamagit n innas ur tettyussan. Ɣ usggʷas wis 46 DƐ, innra Yulyus Kaysar babas (ɣ Tapsus), tdwl ilmma Numidya ddaw unbaḍ aṛuman arusrid ɣ 40 DƐ[1]. Baba s ikka tt inn iga tuṛfa d ujiniṛal Pompey.

Mnnaw n imẓlayn itrarn ar ttinin mas rad ig uwtay nns lliɣ inra Kaysar ɣ 46 D.Ɛ. kra n kkuẓ nɣ ṣḍiṣ isggʷasn, hiya rad ilul gr 52 d 50 DƐ. Ɣ tsga yaḍn, anmzray "Duane Roller", ur iflis s maya. Roller yanni is ilul ɣ usggʷas n 48 D.Ɛ. acku irm lli ittusmrasn ɣ wawal fllas ɣ Tgrikt Taqburt brefos isnamk taslmya. Irm i wazzan gr 4 d 6 n isggʷasn iga t pias lli ur ssmrisn i Yuba ɣ isugam ann. Ayann a f ar isrus Roller awtay n Yuba 2 lliɣ iṛẓa ibabas gr sin yirn d sin isggʷasn, aylli anɣ yakkan asakud n tlalit gr 48 d 46 DƐ[2].

Yiwi Yulyus Kaysar Yuba wis sin s Ṛuma. Ɣinn a ɣ ilmd tutlayt talatint d Tgrikt taqburt, innṛumn, tettyufka as tɣlnawt taṛumant[1]. S tuggʷas mqqurnin lli iskar ɣ tɣri nns, nnan fllas mas iga yan sɣ inmuran akkʷ iɣran ɣ Ṛuma ɣ uzmz ann. Lliɣ ilkm 20 n isggʷasn yara adlis nns amzwaru s uzwl "Roman Archaeology"[1]. Issnkr t id Yulyus Kaysar, ilmma ayyaw nns Uktawyan (Lli rad ig amnkad Awgustus). Lliɣ ittimɣur, Imun Yuba 2 d Uktawyan ɣ mnnaw imciṛṛiyn, ilmd zgisnt kigan f manmk rad ig anssixf. Immaɣ ɣ tsga n Uktawyan ɣ Imiɣ n Aktyum.

Uɣul nns s unbaḍ n Numidya[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Ɣ 30 DƐ, irar t Uktawyan am ugllid n Numidya[3][4]. Tg ilmma Numidya Tuṛfa n Ṛuma. Ḥaqqan aya iga tayafut n twisi nns i Awgustus ɣ imzizzl nns ɣ Hispanya. Isastwa as itihal nns d Klyupatra Silini gr 26 DƐ d 20 DƐ, ifk as yat trzzift, iskr gis tagllidt[5]. Ɣ 25 DƐ, tsskcm Ṛuma Numidya (s uslid n Numidya Tutrimt) ddaw n unbaḍ nns usrid, yamẓ ilmma Yuba 2 Mawritanya am tgldit nns[3].

Anbaḍ ɣ Mawritanya[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Zzɣ aylli aɣ ittals Strabu, tnbḍ Ṛuma tagldit nns s tmamkt tusridt (gr 33 DƐ - 25 DƐ) ḍaṛt n tmttant n ugllid amawritan Bukkus Wiss Sin lli tt inn ikkan iga tuṛfa n Iṛumiyn, ilmma ifk tt Awgustus i Yuba 2 ɣ 25 DƐ[6]. Lliɣ immuti Yuba 2 d Klyupatra Silini s Mawritanya, smman tamaẓunt nnsn tamaynut Kaysarya (Crcel tatrart) f wudm n Awgustus. Tuṣkawin ɣ "Kaysaria" d "Walili" (Volubilis) da mmalnt yan usrks gr tmsdagt Tamiẓrit, Tagrikt d Tṛumiyt.

Ittyunna mas tt inn tkka Klyupatra teṭṭaf afus f tsrtit n Yuba 2. Yuba issbɣs, isnal i tẓuṛi, asiggl amassan d usiggl g umzruy agaman. Yuba isnal ula i tsbbabt tawmuritant. Tkka tt inn tgldit n Mawritanya tla atig amqqran i tmnkda taṛumiyt. Tkcm tkka tt inn tsala tasbbabt d kraygat mani ɣ yill agraklan, slawan akkʷ d Sbanya ula Ṭṭalyan.

Tituhliwin d tarwa[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

  • Itihal wis sin d Glafyra (Glaphyra) lli igan yat tgldunt zɣ Kappadukiya (Cappadocia). Tagldunt a tga tadgalt n Aliksandr u Hirudut Axatar (Herod the Great). Aliksandr ad ittyunɣa acku ufan t inn idra ɣ kra n unguz mgal baba s. Ttahl Glafyra s Yuba ɣ 6 nɣ 7 ḌƐ. Tili gis ilmma tayr n Hiṛud Arkilaws (Herod Archelaus) lli igan warran yaḍn n Hirud Axatar d unssixf n Judiya. Tṛẓm Glafyra i Yuba bac ad t ttahl ɣ usggʷas 7 ḌƐ. Yuba ur iṭṭif tarwa d Glafyra

Tiwuriwin[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

Yara Yuba mnnnaw n idlisn s Tgrikt f umzruy, amzruy amagan, tarakalt, tajṛṛumt, takʷlut d umzgun. Iskr yan usmzazal gr tmrsal tigrikin d tṛumiyin s uzwl Όμοιότητες (Resemblances)[8]. Amanar nns s Arabya idwl adlis akkʷ inzzan ɣ Ṛuma. Ɣar kra n igzzumn imẓẓiyn sg twuri nns ad aɣ d ilkmn.

Mrawt twuriwin n Yuba ad ittyussann, maccan llan ɣar kra n igzzumn zgisn:

  • Roman Archaeology, sin ildisn[9].
  • Resemblances, ɣ kkuẓ idlisn iɣ idrus[9].
  • On Painting, ɣ tam idlisn iɣ idrus[9].
  • Theatrical History, ɣ sa d mraw n idlisn iɣ idrus[9].
  • The Wanderings of Hanno, iẓḍar ad ig asuɣl n umuddu n Ḥanno[9].
  • On Euphorbion, a pamphlet[9].
  • Libyka, ɣ kraḍ idlisn iɣ idrus.[9].
  • On Arabia, wad waḥdu t ad yara s tutlayt talatint[10].
  • On Assyria, ɣ sin idlisn[9].
  • Epigrams, ibdr d zgis Atinyus (Athenaeus) sḍis n izrirn lli fllas nssn[9].

Idlisn fllas ittyuskarn[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

  • (fr) Charlier Berthier, Le sanctuaire punique d'El hofra à Constantine, édition Fournier, 1844.
  • (fr) Mouloud Gaid, Aguellids et Romains en Berbérie, éditions SNED, Alger, 1972.
  • (fr) Stéphane Gsell, Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, édition Hachette, 1920.
  • (fr) Josiane Lahlou, Moi, Juba roi de Maurétanie, Paris-Méditerranée, 1999, ISBN 2-84272-059-8. (Amzruy Aṛuman)
  • (fr) Jean Mazard, Corpus Numérum Mauretanieque, Arts et Métiers graphiques, 1955.

Isaɣuln[ssnfl | Snfl asagm]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 et 1,3 Roller, Duane W. (2003) The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene "Routledge (UK)". pp. 1–3. (ISBN 0-415-30596-9) .
  2. Roller, Duane W. (2003) The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene "Routledge (UK)". p. 59. (ISBN 0-415-30596-9) .
  3. 3,0 et 3,1 Pomponius Mela; Frank E. Romer (1998). Pomponius Mela's Description of the World. University of Michigan Press. p. 43. (ISBN 0-472-08452-6). https://books.google.com/books?id=6AplSod8IDcC&pg=PA43. 
  4. Michael Gagarin (2010). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome. Oxford University Press. p. 80. (ISBN 978-0-19-517072-6). https://books.google.com/books?id=lNV6-HsUppsC&pg=RA4-PA80. 
  5. Roller, Duane W. (2003) The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene Routledge (UK)(ISBN 0-415-30596-9) p. 74
  6. Geography n Strabu (Strab. 17.3)
  7. 7,0 et 7,1 Cleopatra Selene Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine by Chris Bennett
  8. F Jacoby, Realencyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft, 1916, s.v.
  9. 9,0 9,1 9,2 9,3 9,4 9,5 9,6 9,7 et 9,8 Duane W. Roller, The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene (Routledge, 2003), pp. 61–63. (ISBN 0-415-30596-9) .
  10. Duane W. Roller, The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene (Routledge, 2003), p. 165. (ISBN 0-415-30596-9) .
 
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